Streaming w kulturze – uwagi wstępne


  • Napoleon Bryl Pedagogical University of Cracow


Słowa kluczowe:

streaming; streaming standards; ingesting; codec; audio and video; VOD; RHODIUM; metadata; metadata standards; culture; digital culture


Streaming, delivering content on demand of the viewer / listener with the help of digital image and sound transmission is a hot topic in the contemporary discussion on the consumption of culture. However, there are no studies of this phenomenon, which affects the problem with the standardization of streaming and the definition of its components (live streaming, streaming on demand, transmission protocol, ingesting, container, audio-video codec, VOD / ROD). The article reviews the phenomenon of streaming based on selected institutions using it: Digital Concert Hall from Berliner Philharmoniker, London Symphony Orchestra, NOSPR, BBC, TVP, Netflix, iTunes, Polish Radio). Due to the dissemination of the phenomenon, the author postulates broadening the research.


Advanced Content Delivery, Streaming, and Cloud Services, red. M. Pathan, R.K. Sitaraman, Dom Robinson, New York 2014.

The Age of Netflix, Critical Essays on Streaming Media, Digital Delivery and Instant Access, red. C. Barker, M. Wiatrowski, 2017.

Akidau T., Chernyak S., Lax R., Streaming Systems The What, Where, When, and How of Large-Scale Data Processing, Beijing 2018.

Amato A., Di Lecce V., Piuri V., Semantic Analysis and Understanding of Human Behavior in Video Streaming, New York 2013.

Bing B., Next-Generation Video Coding And Streaming, New York 2015.

Codec: definition, [w:] TechTerms, [dostęp: 22.11.2018].

Dixon Wheeler Winston, Streaming Movies, Media, and Instant Access, Lexington 2013.

Ellis Byron, Real-Time Analytics: Techniques to Analyze and Visualize Streaming Data, New York 2014.

Ho Anthony T.S., Li Shujun, Handbook of Digital Forensics of Multimedia Data and Devices, Enhanced E-Book, New York 2016, [dostęp: 22.11.2018].

Psaltis Andrew G., Streaming Data Understanding The Real-Time Pipeline, Shelter Island 2017.

Smith M.D., Telang R., Streaming. Sharing. Stealing. Big Data and the Future of Entertainment, London, 2016.

Waggoner Ben, Compression for great video and audio, Burlington, Waltham 2010, [dostęp: 22.11.2018].




Jak cytować

Bryl, N. (2018). Streaming w kulturze – uwagi wstępne. AUPC Studia Ad Bibliothecarum Scientiam Pertinentia, 16, 129–138.



Artykuły / Articles